- Among young adults, current smokers were significantly more likely to report recent use or misuse of prescription opioids than former and never smokers.
Why this matters
- During 2015-2016, misuse of prescription opioids and rise in drug overdose deaths was greater among young adults aged 18-25 years than any other age group.
- Survey data of 9633 young adults (age, 18-25 years) from the Truth Longitudinal Cohort, collected during 2014-2018.
- Funding: Truth Initiative.
- 16% of the participants reported recent prescribed use of opioids, and 7.8% reported recent misuse.
- Compared with former smokers:
- Current cigarette smokers had a significantly higher risk for recent prescribed use of opioids (aOR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.01-1.69) and opioid misuse (aOR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.09-2.03).
- Never smokers had lower odds of recent opioid misuse (OR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.65-0.91), but not prescribed opioid use (aOR, 0.98; 0.79-1.21).
- Compared with no lifetime prescribed use, odds of recent misuse were higher with prescribed opioid use in ≤6 months (aOR, 7.18; 95% CI, 5.15-10.01) and ≥6 months (aOR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.12-2.19).
- Self-reported data.
- Reason for opioid use/misuse not covered.