Pregnant patients? Focus Zika conversations on risk

  • Moore E & al.
  • Matern Child Health J
  • 17.06.2019

  • von Liz Scherer
  • Clinical Essentials
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Takeaway

  • Questions continue to persist around perceptions of Zika virus infection (ZIKV) acquisition risk in pregnant women.
  • Higher risk perception was significantly associated with positive attitudes toward testing.

Why this matters

  • Focus ZIKV education around community risk levels when targeting pregnant patients.

Key results

  • 363 pregnant women, 52.6% (191), ages 25-34 years.
  • 67.8% (246), 33.9% (123), 28.7% (104) reported their doctors, social media, television, respectively, as primary ZIKV information source.
  • 95.6% (347) correctly identified mosquito bites as primary transmission route.
  • 76.0% (276), 57.8% (210), 43.5% (158) cited maternal, sexual intercourse, blood exposure, respectively, as transmission routes.
  • 36.6% (133) listed ZIKV symptoms inconsistent with the virus.
  • 58.4% (212), 55.9% (203), respectively, recalled their ob/gyn speaking to them about testing, thought that they should be tested.
  • 28.9% (105) considered ZIKV to be a "big problem" in their community vs 25.9% (94) who were unsure.
  • Significant association (P≤.0001) between need to be tested and perception that ZIKV is a medium or big problem in their community.

Study design

  • Multicenter assessment survey characterizing knowledge/perceptions of Miami-Dade County, FL pregnant women regarding ZIKV risk in their community.
  • Funding: None disclosed.

Limitations

  • Inability to assess response rate.
  • Inclusion, confounder biases.