- Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is associated with faster time to wound closure in children with small thermal burns.
Why this matters
- This study helps clarify the efficacy of NPWT in the management of burns.
- Median time to re-epithelialization was 8 days in patients treated with NPWT and 10 days in control participants.
- NPWT was associated with a 22% improvement in expected time to wound closure in multivariate analysis (incidence rate ratio, 0.78; P=.005).
- NPWT was also associated with a 60% reduced risk for referral for scar management (relative risk, 0.40; P=.013).
- NPWT was associated with a “moderate” treatment burden (10 patients discontinued early).
- 114 children with acute thermal burns covering
- Funding: Australian Government Research Training Scholarship; Smith & Nephew.
- Small patient numbers.
- Relatively long intervals between visits limited the precision of re-epithelialization assessments.