An umbrella review of studies about vision impairment or eye disease and its impact on physical, emotional, and social well-being showed a link between vision impairment and a lower quality of life, according to an article published in JAMA Opthamology.
The analysis included nine previously published articles which evaluated the association between quality of life and vision impairment or eye diseases, and 60 systematic reviews which evaluated ophthalmic interventions using quality-of-life outcomes.
The results show that there was a consistent association between vision impairment and eye disease with reduced quality of life across eye conditions, especially among adults. Vision impairment and eye diseases, namely glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and retinitis pigmentosa, were associated with lower quality of life.
The researchers also found that 75 per cent of ophthalmic interventions evaluated had evidence of a positive outcome on quality of life. Most notably, cataract surgery and the use of anti-VEGF therapy for AMD, diabetic macular oedema, and macular oedema secondary to other causes resulted in improved quality of life.
Vision impairment and eye conditions are associated with lower quality of life, and ophthalmic interventions can lead to significant improvement in quality of life, the authors conclude.