- More than 11% of US women report alcohol use during pregnancy.
Why this matters
- There is no known safe level of alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
- Alcohol is a teratogen and can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
- Alcohol use during pregnancy is preventable and is a public health concern.
- The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening and brief behavioral counseling in primary care settings for all adults, including pregnant women, ≥18 years of age.
- The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that pregnant women avoid alcohol use.
- 11.5% of pregnant women reported current drinking (at least 1 alcoholic drink in the past 30 days).
- 3.9% of pregnant women reported binge drinking (≥4 drinks on at least 1 occasion in the past 30 days).
- Unmarried women were more likely to drink during pregnancy compared with married women: 15.2% vs 8.6%; adjusted prevalence ratio, 2.2.
- Population cohort study.
- Cohort taken from 2015 to 2017 data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a random-digit-dialed landline and cell phone telephone survey for US adults ≥18 years.
- Funding: None disclosed.
- Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias.