- Risk profiles for suicide during an inpatient stay and suicide postdischarge are distinct.
- Length of stay was the strongest negative predictor of suicide risk.
Why this matters
- Optimizing inpatient length of stay may positively influence rates of inpatient and postdischarge suicide.
- Male sex and having an affective disorder were significantly associated with elevated risk for inpatient suicide, whereas age >65 years predicted lower inpatient suicide risk.
- Risk for suicide during inpatient stay and in the 3 months postdischarge decreased dose dependently with increasing length of inpatient stay.
- Researchers at National Taiwan University and their colleagues investigated risk factors associated with suicide in patients 15 years old or older who were admitted to a psychiatric inpatient unit in Taiwan.
- Data from 2002 to 2012 were obtained from a National Health Insurance Database (Taiwan) on patients who committed suicide during their inpatient stay (n=176) and those who committed suicide within 3 months of discharge (n=1255).
- Funding: Ministry of Science and Technology (Taiwan).
- This was an observational study with relatively few patients enrolled.