- The prevalence of ADHD among US adults increased from 0.43% in 2007 to 0.96% in 2016, with the highest rates in white adults; the increased prevalence among children was smaller during the same period, going from 2.96% to 3.74%.
- The rate of ADHD detection among racial and ethnic groups was low, which could be the result of a reluctance to seek treatment or a lack of access to care.
Why this matters
- Studies suggest that ADHD in adulthood is associated with increased rates of motor vehicle crashes, relationship failure, unemployment, substance use, sexually transmitted infections, and suicide.
- Cohort study of 5,282,877 patients who received care at Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC).
- Funding: KPNC.
- 59,371 individuals (1.12%) were diagnosed with ADHD.
- ADHD prevalence increased from 0.43% to 0.96% among adults and from 2.96% to 3.74% among children (age, 5-11 years).
- The highest increase in annual adult ADHD prevalence was noted among white individuals (0.67%-1.42%).
- The rate of ADHD detection was low among nonwhite racial/ethnic groups (P<.001 style="list-style-type:circle;">
- Asian (aOR, 0.215),
- Pacific Islander (aOR, 0.247),
- black (aOR, 0.341),
- Hispanic (aOR, 0.313),
- American Indian or Alaska Native (aOR, 0.712), and
- other (aOR, 0.282).
- Single-center study.
Coauthored with Chitra Ravi, MPharm